I 将 Buy You a Beignet

前阵子,我读了一篇博客文章,描述 如何为会议做准备.  I am going to the ABA建设论坛’说话的蓝调 event in New Orleans this week 和 decided to apply one idea to my conference preparation.

There are two questions in the forefront of my mind 和 I am not leaving New Orleans without the answers:

1. 人们在与涉及绿色建筑的合同做什么?
2. 我应该如何开始学习才能成为可再生能源专家?

如果您对以上任何问题都有答案, 给我发邮件.  If you are going to be at the event 和 would like to meet up for a chat, a drink or some gumbo, 给我发邮件.  If you have an answer to any of these questions 和 you will be in New Orleans this week, 你必须给我发电子邮件.

说真的 

照片:  菲利普·勒罗耶(Phillipe Leroyer)

能源部发布资助金额

[有时’最好不要重新发明轮子。 当我本周准备时’的帖子,我遇到了 巷伯特’s analysis 能源部’(DOE)刺激资金。  Lane, an NRDC 政策分析师同意今天让我使用他的职位。  退房巷’s blog – it’是进行能源政策分析的重要资源。]   

DOE released the funding distribution for the 能源 Efficiency 和 Conservation Block Grants (EECBG) from the recovery act (ARRA) late last week. With this action, we now know as much as we are going to about the destination of the clean energy dollars.

清洁能源的主要项目是

  • 50亿美元用于低收入天气(WAP)
  • 用于国家能源计划(SEP)的31亿美元
  • 32亿美元用于本地整笔拨款(EECBG)
  • 45亿美元用于绿化GSA设施

我写了关于资金突破的博客 这里这里,

我们不是’t going to get more clarity on the destination of the GSA funding. GSA has a list of projects across the country, but details have yet to be released 和 GSA is not required to do so.  [Ed. The GSA released its project 在此帖子之后列出。]

The money for state energy programs 和 low income weatherization is distributed according to an existing formula that sends a baseline allocation out 和 divides the remainder, 1/3 weighted according population, 1/3 by consumption, 和 1/3 equally. The text of the law is 这里,

Now, DOE has released the funding amounts for EECBG 和 a 漂亮的互动小地图 so you can see where all the funding (SEP 和 WAP included) is headed. 更详细的状态信息 这里,包括按城市划分的本地整笔拨款。  A few clicks show me that my home state of North Carolina is getting $266 million dollars 和 my hometown of Charlotte is getting close to $7 million of that.  New York recieves $693 million, California gets $764 million 和 Texas gets $755 million.

决定时间

DOE is doing everything they can to get this money out now. How it gets spent (in the case of SEP 和 EECBG) is now a state or local matter 和 there is a lot of discretion given to states 和 localities on how to spend it. The potential impact of this money is incredible if used properly to save energy 和 create jobs, but the potential for waste is also very high.

Because of the potential for waste, there are two words that should guide every state, county, 和 local official in spending this money – 效率优先. I cannot say this enough. It is faster, cheaper, 和 cleaner than any alternative 和 it is the only way we can spend now to save us money in the future. It supports local jobs 和 keeps dollars in the local economy. No one can find a stimulus proposal better than the one that will leave you with more money than you started with in just a few years.

GSA,能源部人手不足

总务管理局宣布了刺激计划 上周,他们没有时间休息。 实际上,选择刺激项目可能是该过程中最容易的部分。

The next step is contract procurement 和 administration.  Due to staffing GSA的职位空缺,管理过程可能会很困难

"Meanwhile, the ranks of contracting officers who make the day-to-day contracting decisions at the GSA have been shrinking since 2005, through attrition, outsourcing 和 a convoluted federal hiring process that many say discourages talented people from applying."

The GSA is not the only federal agency that is currently understaffed 和 tasked with administering billions in stimulus funds.  The Department of 能源 must figure out how to administer over $38 billion in stimulus funds 和 the 美国能源部检查专员办公室正处在艰难时期代理商面临的问题:

"The infusion of these funds 和 the corresponding increase in effort required to ensure that they are properly controlled 和 disbursed in a timely manner will, without doubt, strain existing resources."

在阅读美国能源部监察长’报告中,似乎不可避免地会发生一些欺诈行为:  "随着《恢复法》的实施,各方应认识到,当迅速拨出大笔资金时,欺诈的潜在风险急剧增加。"

这些人手不足的机构如何避免欺诈?

GSA’的绿色刺激项目

总务管理局,我印象深刻。 

The American Recovery 和 Reinvestment Act mandated that the GSA determine projects that would receive $5.5 billion by 2009年4月3日. GSA打破了这一要求,于2009年4月2日公布了其项目清单( 华盛顿商业杂志的故事 )。

如果您希望从华盛顿都会区的GSA项目中受益,那么与在周围其他地区相比,在本地区开展这些项目的机会要大得多。 哥伦比亚特区将收到$ 1.2 GSA项目的费用为100,000亿美元。 根据《华盛顿商报》,"the amount of work slated for D.C. appears to be more than any other jurisdiction. By contrast, GSA plans to modernize only five buildings for $66 million in 维吉尼亚州 和 two buildings for $25 million in 马里兰州."

A 接受资助的GSA项目完整清单 在这里可用。  Here’s a list of GSA projects in D.C., 维吉尼亚州 和 马里兰州 slated to receive funding:

华盛顿特区。

  • 美国东南部圣伊丽莎白医院西区国土安全部总部,$ 450,000,000
  • Department of Commerce Herber Hoover 建造 (phase II 和 III), 14th Street 和 Constitution Avenue NW, $225,638,000
  • GSA总部(第一阶段),西北1800楼,$ 161,293,000
  • 拉斐特大楼(I期),西北佛蒙特大街811号,128,827,000美元
  • 玛丽·斯威策大厦(二期),圣约翰西南区330 C,$ 68,241,000
  • 室内建筑系(第四阶段),第19阶段&西北C街$ 63,450,000
  • 国家部杜鲁门大厦,2201 C St.NW,$ 14,735,000
  • 退伍军人管理局,$ 1,499,000
  • Lyndon B.Johnson联邦大楼,$ 4,162,000
  • Elijah Barrett Prettyman Courthouse,3,662,000美元
  • 国税局大楼,1,506,000美元
  • Ariel Rios Fed 建造,$ 1,337,000
  • GSA区域办公大楼,592,000澳元
  • 威尔伯·科恩大厦(Wilbur J Cohen 建造),$ 16,701,000
  • 温德大厦,$ 1,865,000
  • 西奥多·罗斯福大楼,23,551,000美元
  • 罗伯特·韦弗大厦,$ 3,663,000
  • 霍华德·T·市场国家法院,$ 2,070,000
  • 税务法院,$ 8,083,000
  • 601–西北第四街,$ 2,150,000
  • 美国特勤局总部,1,601,000美元
  • EPA East 和 West 和 Connecting Wing, $4,564,000
  • Reagan ITC 和 Garage, $16,161,000

维吉尼亚州

  • Franconia Warehouse,Franconia,$ 9,512,000
  • 马丁五世Bostetter Courthouse,亚历山大,1,699,000美元
  • 雷斯顿先进系统中心,690,000美元。 
  • Poff 联邦 建造,罗阿诺克,$ 50,968,000
  • 罗伯特·梅里奇法院大楼,里士满,350万美元

马里兰州

  • 新卡罗尔顿联邦大楼(Lanham),$ 1,647,000 
  • CMS HQ Complex,伍德劳恩,$ 23,723,000

联邦网站, www.fedbizopps.gov,很快就会有关于这些项目的更多信息。 寻找信息有运气吗? 

想知道如何成功竞标这些项目吗?  My "从刺激中获取绿色" slideshow 是一个好的开始。

照片来源:  菲利普森

绿色债券,汽车保险不一样

如果您一直在关注《绿色建筑法律更新》,则知道华盛顿特区在绿色建筑方面存在一些问题"performance bond"目前法律要求。  In short, 绿色建筑"performance bonds" do not exist.  A few weeks ago, 地方环境局局长乔治·霍金斯作证 支持使用“performance bonds”作为强制执行 区’s 绿色建筑法 (PDF link).  Among the comments that caught my attention, Mr. Hawkins stated that 绿色建筑履约保证金s will be created just as car insurance was created: 

"例如,在没有汽车之前,就没有汽车保险之类的东西。 当法律认识到越来越需要确保汽车驾驶员对他人造成的伤害时,市场就满足了需求。" 

我做了笔记以研究这个特定问题。  Thankfully, I didn’不必做研究。  将 Clark, 多户住房专家 和新兴的可再生能源企业家,对霍金斯先生提出了批评’专门针对汽车保险索赔的证词。  

汽车是在1890年代中期发明的。虽然 1890年代末期存在各种车辆保险计划 直到1900年代的前几十年, 马萨诸塞州是第一个州 使 1927年强制实行车辆保险。 1956年,纽约是第二个强制实施车辆保险的州。‘invention’汽车保险显然先于国家’要求此类覆盖。 DC GBA通过规定不存在适用工具的规定来扭转这一先例。

More directly, auto insurance is an extension of tort law, 和 vehicle insurance exists to compensate a party for its loss, whether personal or property. These loses are either known (cost of repair or treatment) or negotiated. In the case of the DC GBA, the compensated party (District’的绿色建筑基金)不是损失的一方。 关于没收,法律规定"All or part of the 履约保证金 shall be forfeited to the 区 和 deposited in the 绿色建筑 Fund if the building fails to meet the verification requirements." There is no method in the legislation to negotiate (or dispute) the severity of loss or even identify the loss. Certification of LEED projects is made by the US 绿色建筑 Council (USGBC), a non-governmental entity, 和 includes a mix of objective 和 subjective requirements。由于未能获得期望的认证可能是主观失败的结果,因此 保证金 是确保合规性的不适当方法。

将’跳转后即可获得全部评论。  To be honest, I am not sure I agree with all of 将’的观点,但我希望这能引发辩论。  喜欢 将, I am not entirely convinced that the 绿色建筑法 creates an inherent conflict of interest. 我非常担心,债券工具在时机成熟时将不会上市(在以后的文章中会对此进行更多介绍)。    将 also raises the much bigger question, should LEED be included in government regulation?  I have not committed one way or the other yet 和 I would love to hear your thoughts.   

照片:  拉里·米勒(Larry Miller)

继续阅读

释放:我发现自己比以往更有希望

今天,我们运行Eric Corey Freed访谈的第二部分。  I divided up the interview into two posts because the interview was long 和 Eric does a great job illuminating 绿色建筑legal issues in Part II:   "建筑师将无法保证LEED认证,因为建筑师不是提供LEED认证的建筑师。 。 。 。  I also don’考虑到建筑技术的科学性,我们可以保证任何有关能源使用的信息。"       Eric’关于绿色建筑博客的想法也很有趣。 几周前,埃里克(Eric Eric)在接受《纽约时报》采访时与一位博客作者发生冲突。  Below, Eric provides some thoughts 和 lessons from the controversy.   最后,埃里克以我最喜欢的采访语录之一结尾:  "我发现自己现在比以往更加充满希望。" 继续阅读以了解Eric为什么如此抱有希望。   继续阅读

Freed: 设计 Winner 将 Build Actual 市 Block

我的朋友在 明智的城市 最近为我提供了面试的机会 埃里克·科里(Eric Corey)被释放.  It’我不是每天都会去采访一个刚刚 纽约时报采访 所以我抓住了机会。 更好的是,埃里克"organic architect" 和 studied under a former student of Frank Lloyd 赖特. 我十月份要结婚 赖特’Taliesin West在亚利桑那州的家,所以我不能’不要错过这个机会。   埃里克(Eric)参与了一场名为Urban Re:Vision的巨大设计竞赛,他描述了达拉斯如何被选为竞赛场地:  "市长汤姆·莱珀特(Tom Leppert)很棒。  He’在建筑行业工作了30年,他立即了解了Urban Re:Vision。 因此,达拉斯市政府给了我们隔壁市政厅的这个街区,并说‘在这里,这将是完美的,’一切都融合在一起 现在,我们有了一个我们一直想要的东西,一个真正的城市街区,背后是真正的利益相关者,而获胜的项目将真正建立起来。"  在采访的第一部分中,我和Eric讨论了"organic architecture" and Urban Re:Vision竞赛的一些细节。  Eric also 提供有关竞争中责任问题的见解。  On Wednesday, we will discuss broader legal issues surrounding the 绿色建筑industry 和 a controversy that arose over Eric’纽约时报专访。 

 

继续阅读

绿色建筑 Thoughts: The 刺激物 The 键, LEED AP, 和 Rock Chalk

得知我有一份真正的工作,您可能会感到惊讶。  Seriously, I do 和 I love it!  I am a construction litigator 和 I am currently involved in a major construction delay claim. 最近几天我一直在准备一项议案,因此今天提起诉讼的时间很晚’s post. 

绿色建筑世界正在发生很多事情。  The 刺激物.  D.C.’独特的绿色建筑纽带(即 the 绿色建筑unicorn)。 LEED AP考试截止日期。 还有一点篮球。  I often don’没有时间解决我想要的所有问题,所以今天,我向您提供我对许多问题的看法。 

刺激.  In my “刺激中的绿色” slideshow,我指出,总务管理局必须在2009年4月3日之前准备一份联邦项目清单,以接受刺激资金。 虽然这是事实,但显然 GSA不打算发布此列表 4月3日:  “莫里斯说,政府正在审核一份由刺激计划资助的项目清单,但他无法给出清单的日期。’s release.” 请继续关注更多细节。

华盛顿邦德. 您可能已经注意到,我已经写了很多关于 直流绿色建筑法’s 履约保证金 requirement. 看来问题每天都在发生新的变化。 最近的谣言是,DC可能将绿色建筑粘合纳入分区要求中。 我们如何在这方面走错路? 下周寻找关于此问题的来宾帖子。 

LEED AP考试. 试图确定是否应该参加LEED AP考试的人给我很多google热门信息。  My general thought is that if you are interested in a career in 绿色建筑和 you have some free time 和 money, you should take the exam.  You do know the 报名参加LEED AP考试的截止日期是3月31日, 对? 此外,绿色建筑认证协会最近宣布,您实际上必须参加 2009年6月30日之前完成LEED AP考试.   

卫冕冠军. 最后,这是我一年中最喜欢的时间。 堪萨斯大学Jayhawks大学是一年中的一次飞行。  In addition to my job 和 this blog, I also am 只是一点点 完全而彻底地(编辑:我的未婚妻做了这个改变)迷上了堪萨斯Jayhawks篮球。 一直以来,永远都会。  I hope Sherron Collins, Cole Aldrich, Bill Self 和 company continue rolling 和 dispatch of the Spartans in quick fashion tonight.  Rock Chalk Jayhawk! 

照片:  农村城市

Gov. Kaine Supports LEED 和 绿色地球仪

While we have all (or at least I have) been focusing on the federal stimulus 和 its effect on the 绿色建筑industry, an interesting development occurred in 维吉尼亚州 that may impact the future of a statewide 绿色建筑regulation.

在过去的帖子中,我强调了州长蒂姆·凯恩(Tim Kaine)’试图通过全州绿色建筑法规。 您可能还记得,2007年,凯恩(Kaine)州长表示他倾向于 LEED rating system 和 能源之星 in 行政命令48.  In 2008, the 总督 和 the General Assembly crossed paths on the proper 绿色建筑rating system for 维吉尼亚州:  

州长’的2008年原始拟议预算不包括绿色建筑拨款。 作为预算流程的一部分,总督’s budget was sent to the General Assembly to undergo legislative amendments 和 以下规定, 包括 绿色地球仪, 加入:  “All new 和 renovated state owned-facilities . . . that are over 5,000 gross square feet shall be designed 和 constructed consistent with the . . . U.S. 绿色建筑 Council’的LEED评分系统或“绿色地球仪”评分系统。”  总督 Kaine 否决 加入绿色地球仪,但大会否决了否决权。  

基于州长凯恩(Kaine)’过去排除绿色地球仪评级系统的工作,令我惊讶的是 总督’英联邦地址 在2009年1月14日: 

"A few years ago, I issued an executive order requiring that all new state buildings be constructed to high energy-efficiency standards. Later, members of the General Assembly included similar language in the budget bill. That was a smart step in ensuring that the Commonwealth makes good energy decisions, 和 one that saves us money in the long run.

This year, I will ask you to ratify that approach again, by requiring in the Code of 维吉尼亚州 that all state 和 local government buildings meet either LEED or 绿色地球仪 standards for efficiency."

您看到政策上的转变了吗? 您如何看待凯恩州长’找到了对“绿色地球仪”标准的新支持? 

照片:  Ouij

Hawkins:绿色建筑履约保证金要求可行

上周,我很高兴就有关该地区的绿色建筑政策向特区政府作证。如上周我的帖子所述,我的证词重点是 绿色建筑法’s “performance bond” requirement。在作证之前,我有机会听到 乔治·霍金斯(George Hawkins),区环境局局长。霍金斯先生在讲话中直接对“performance bond” issue 和 many of the points I raised in my White Paper last Wednesday.  After you review Mr. Hawkins testimony, I would be very interested in hearing your thoughts.

私人项目的“履约保证金”要求

I would now like to turn to the issue of 履约保证金s 和 criticism of this enforcement tool. Pursuant to the Act, commercial applicants will be required to submit a “performance bond.” If the building fails to meet the LEED certification requirements, “all or part of the 履约保证金 shall be forfeited to the 区.” Experts in the area of environmental finance analysis 和 DDOE’s research on the subject support this approach as an appropriate 和 sufficient enforcement mechanism to ensure compliance with the Act.

One of the concerns that has been raised is that “performance bonds” do not currently exist in the financial assurance world. There are, however, a number of laws 和 regulations that have required forms of financial assurance that at the time of the inception did not exist in the market. In each regulatory context, private financial markets have developed to provide the insurance, bonds, 和 other financial instruments necessary to demonstrate assurance. 例如,在没有汽车之前,就没有汽车保险之类的东西。当法律认识到越来越需要确保汽车驾驶员对他人造成的伤害时,市场就满足了需求。

The breadth of operations 和 environmental risks covered by current rules is an additional testament to the market’s ability to conform to 和 rise to the demand of a new form of financial assurance. For example, the Resource Conservation 和 Recovery Act (RCRA) requires that financial assurance be provided by the responsible party as proof that adequate funds will be available when needed to undertake the necessary corrective action at a RCRA treatment, storage, 和 disposal facility. Many states have their own laws requiring financial assurance, including our own DDOE requirement that developers post a bond equal to the cost of stormwater management infrastructure until DDOE verifies proper installation.

A second concern that has been raised is that it may prove difficult 和 financially burdensome for developers to provide letters of credit, collateral to obtain a bond, or escrow in amounts up to $3,000,000 (the maximum requirement under the 绿色建筑法). While opposition to new financial assurance rules is common regardless of industry, DDOE believes fears of business disruption from this new assurance requirement are unwarranted. When the 区 began to require condominium developers to place 10 percent of the cost of construction in an escrow account or provide a letter of credit under the Condominium Act, the same concerns were cited, 和 yet, this is now common practice.

对当前“履约保证金”要求的另一种批评是,执行机制造成了固有的利益冲突,因为那些要求没收保证金的人也将直接受益于没收。如果被没收,履约保证金将被“存入绿色建筑基金”。根据该法案,绿色建筑基金将部分用于“人员和运营成本,以提供技术援助,计划审查以及绿色建筑的检查和监视。”相反,重要的是要注意,政府使用了许多法律要求的费用,罚款和罚金来资助其收取程序的运作。例如,《华盛顿特区官方法典》第7-632条授权设立监管执法基金,DDOE将使用该基金来为其监管实践提供资金。安理会常规授权使用执法​​收益来资助未来的执法行动。

In 概要, we believe the bond requirement under the 绿色建筑法 is viable 和 can be implemented. We have already, 和 will continue to, participate in discussions with our sister agencies 和 stakeholders as to how this enforcement mechanism should best be implemented.

Do you think Mr. Hawkins is right?  将 the financial sector come up with a 绿色建筑履约保证金?

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